ER visits predict premature death among teenagers
2012 (English)In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 48, no S1, 397-400 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate if teenagers visiting an emergency room because of injury have an increased risk of premature death ahead and, if so, identify possible risk factors and suggest preventive measures. Methods: In January 2010, the personal identity numbers of 12,812 teenagers who had visited the emergency room at the University Hospital in Umea. Sweden, during 1993 through 2006 because of injury were checked against the National Cause of Death Register in Sweden. Standardised mortality ratio and confidence intervals were calculated. For the unnatural deaths that took place in Sweden, the police report, autopsy protocol, and hospital records, if present, were studied. Results: Thirty-eight fatalities were included giving a standardised mortality ratio of 1.44 (95% CI: 1.02-1.98). A majority of the decedents were males (n = 32, 84%) and the median age at the time of death was 21 years. Twenty-three deaths were caused by unintentional injuries and ten by intentional injuries (all suicides), while five deaths were categorised as undetermined whether intentional or not. Seventy-four percent tested positive for either alcohol or drugs or a combination at the post mortem examination. Nine males and one female committed suicide, five tested positive for alcohol (one also for drugs), while four tested negative at the post mortem examination. One died abroad and in this case we lack information on alcohol and drugs. Conclusion: Teenagers visiting an emergency room due to injury experience an increased risk of premature death by unnatural cause and those at risk are especially males. The use of alcohol and drugs often seems to contribute to their untimely deaths. Identifying those at risk when they visit the emergency room for an injury and to take preventive actions at this stage could be a way to reduce the number of fatalities. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 48, no S1, 397-400 p.
ER, Premature death, Alcohol/drugs
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-60058DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2012.02.012ISI: 000307140500045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-60058DiVA: diva2:559440