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Optimisation of image acquisition and reconstruction of 111In-pentetrotide SPECT
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Optimering av bildinsamling samt rekonstruktion för 111In-pentetrotide SPECT (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to optimise the acquisition and reconstruction for SPECT with 111In- pentetrotide with the iterative reconstruction software OSEMS. For 111In-pentetrotide SPECT, the uptake in the tumour is usually high compared to uptake in normal tissue. It may, however, be difficult to detect small tumours with the SPECT method because of high noise levels and the low spatial resolution. The liver is a common region for somatostatin-positive metastases, and to visually detect small tumours in the liver, as early as possible, is important for an effective treatment of the cancer disease.

The study concentrates on the acquired number of projections, the subset size in the OSEM reconstruction and evaluates contrast as a function of noise for a range of OSEM iterations. The raw-data projections are produced using Monte Carlo simulations of an anthropomorphic phantom, including tumours in the liver. Two General Electric (GE) collimators are evaluated, the extended low-energy general-purpose (ELEGP) and the medium energy general-purpose (MEGP) collimator. Three main areas of reconstruction are investigated. First the reconstructions are performed for so called full time scans with the acquisition time used clinically. Also the effect of performing the examination in half-time or with half the injected activity is evaluated with the most optimal settings gained from the full time scans for both collimators. In addition images reconstructed without model-based compensation are also included for comparison.

This study is a continuation of a previous study on 111In-pentetrotide SPECT where collimator choice and model-based compensation were evaluated for a cylindrical phantom representing small tumours in liver background. As in the previous study, ELEGP proved to be the better collimator. For ELEGP, the most optimal setting was 30 projection angles and a subset size of 6 projections in the OSEM reconstruction, and for MEGP optimal setting was 60 projections and 4 subsets. The difference between the different collimator settings were, however, rather small but proven significant. For both collimators the half-time scan including model-based compensation was better compared to the full-time reconstructions without model-based compensation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 46 p.
Keyword [en]
Radiation Science, Nuclear Medicine, SPECT, OSEMS, Image analysis, MLEM, Radiation Physics, 111-In, Pentetrotide, Monte Carlo, ESSE, OSEMS
National Category
Medical Image Processing
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-60372OAI: diva2:559623
External cooperation
Subject / course
Examensarbete i teknisk fysik
Educational program
Master of Science Programme in Engineering Physics
2012-06-14, Universitetsklubben, Universum, Umeå Universitet, SE-901 87, Umeå, 08:18 (Swedish)
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Available from: 2012-10-23 Created: 2012-10-10 Last updated: 2012-10-23Bibliographically approved

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Master's Thesis Daniel Holmberg(2471 kB)926 downloads
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