Poor health, unhealthy, and unfavorable work charactaristics unfluence on exit from paid empoyment among older workers in Europé: a four year follow-up study
2013 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, Vol. 39, no 2, 125-133 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives The aim of this study was to get insight into the role of poor health, unhealthy behaviors, and unfavorable work characteristics on exit from paid employment due to disability pension, unemployment, and early retirement among older workers.
Methods Respondents of the longitudinal Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) in 11 European countries were selected when (i) aged between 50 years and the country-specific retirement age, and having (ii) paid employment at baseline and (iii) information on employment status during the 4-year follow-up period (N=4923). Self-perceived health, health behaviors, and physical and psychosocial work characteristics were measured by interview at baseline. Employment status was derived from follow-up interviews after two and four years. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were used to identify determinants of unemployment, disability pension, and early retirement.
Results Poor health was a risk factor for disability pension [hazard ratio (HR) 3.90, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 2.51–6.05], and a lack of physical activity was a risk factor for disability pension (HR 3.05, 95% CI 1.68–5.55) and unemployment (HR 1.84, 95% CI 1.13–3.01). A lack of job control was a risk factor for disability pension, unemployment, and early retirement (HR 1.30–1.77).
Conclusions Poor health, a lack of physical activity, and a lack of job control played a role in exit from paid employment, but their relative importance differed by pathway of labor force exit. Primary preventive interventions focusing on promoting physical activity as well as increasing job control may contribute to reducing premature exit from paid employment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health , 2013. Vol. 39, no 2, 125-133 p.
disability pension; early retirement; Europe; exit from paid employment; health; job control; longitudinal; obesity; older worker; pathway of exit; physical activity; physical work; poor health; self-perceived health; unemployment; unfavorable work characteristic; unhealthy behavior; work characteristic
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-60403DOI: 10.5271/sjweh.3319OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-60403DiVA: diva2:559819