Photocatalytic activity of TiO2 nanoparticles: effect of thermal annealing under various gaseous atmospheres
2012 (English)In: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 23, no 47, 475711-475719 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The structure, composition and photocatalytic activity of TiO2 nanoparticles annealed in various gas atmospheres (N2, NH3 and H2) were studied in this work. The effect of treatment on crystal structure, particle size, chemical composition and optical absorbance were assessed by means of x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and diffuse optical reflectance/transmittance measurements, respectively. Photocatalytic properties of the materials were evaluated by three different methods: degradation of methyl orange in water, killing of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria and photogeneration of radicals in the presence of 3-carboxy-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl pyrrolidine-1-oxyl (PCA) marker molecules. The results indicate that the correlation between pretreatment and the photocatalytic performance depends on the photocatalytic processes and cannot be generalized.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP), 2012. Vol. 23, no 47, 475711-475719 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-60447DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/23/47/475711OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-60447DiVA: diva2:560281