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What made me feel better?: patients' own explanations for the improvement of their depression
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
2012 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 66, no 4, 290-296 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Depression is common among primary care patients and the usual treatment often consists of antidepressant medication and supportive counselling/follow-ups. Previous studies have shown that patients and professionals have different beliefs about treatment, which in turn can decrease acceptance of the diagnosis, compliance and treatment outcome. Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate previously depressed patients' beliefs about the cause of their improvement. Methods: Depressed primary care patients (n = 184) who considered themselves improved at follow-up answered an open-ended question about what they believed had made them better. Among these 117 patients had, in addition to treatment as usual, participated in an intervention with patient education and group counselling (the Contactus programme), whereas 67 were controls. The groups were comparable at baseline and 82% were on antidepressants. Results: In total, the patients mentioned 14 separate improving factors, which could be organized to the larger themes external factors, self-management, passing spontaneously and professional help. The most frequently mentioned factors for improvement were the Contactus programme (53.0%), antidepressants (40.2%) and personal development (27.2%). Few gender and age differences were seen. The controls who mentioned professional help were more likely to have a better outcome. Conclusions: The patients were generally positive to professional help such as antidepressants and the Contactus programme. Patient education and group counselling seems to be a valuable supplement to treatment of depressed patients in primary care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 66, no 4, 290-296 p.
Keyword [en]
antidepressants; depression; group counselling; improvement factors; patient education; patients' beliefs; primary care
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-60653DOI: 10.3109/08039488.2011.644807ISI: 000308413100010OAI: diva2:562895
Available from: 2012-10-26 Created: 2012-10-22 Last updated: 2012-10-26Bibliographically approved

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Hansson, MajaChotai, JayantiBodlund, Owe
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