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Upper body 3-dimensional kinematics during gait in psychotic patients: a pilot-study
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3363-7414
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2012 (English)In: Experimental Brain Research, ISSN 0014-4819, E-ISSN 1432-1106, Vol. 221, no 4, 393-401 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Gait is recognized as a key item related to mental function. Anomalous gait in psychotic individuals has been described for the lower extremities, whereas irregularities for upper body dynamics are not described, explained or verified with unbiased methods. Reduced walking velocity and increased somatic tension defined in this patient category may influence upper body dynamics during gait. The aim of this pilot-study was to describe upper body kinematics and investigate the biomechanical association with walking velocity and muscle tension. Twelve inpatients in a psychiatric ward with first-episode psychosis and 18 healthy control subjects walked at different self-chosen velocities. Movement and walking velocity were registered, and 3D kinematics was analysed for thorax and shoulder joint. Time-synchronized EMG from the trapezius muscle, chosen as indicator for general somatic tension, was analysed for maximal amplitude and variability. Results showed that patients walked with reduced arm swing at the shoulder joint and increased lateral thorax movements. Thorax rotations about the vertical axis, walking velocity and EMG measures were similar in patients and healthy subjects. The present study could not provide a biomechanical explanation for kinematic findings based on walking velocity or somatic tension.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 221, no 4, 393-401 p.
Keyword [en]
Psychotic illness, Gait pattern, Movement analysis, EMG
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-59706DOI: 10.1007/s00221-012-3184-7ISI: 000307983100005OAI: diva2:563816
Available from: 2012-10-31 Created: 2012-09-25 Last updated: 2015-11-30Bibliographically approved

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Öhberg, Fredrik
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Radiation Physics
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