Role of YopK in Yersinia pseudotuberculosis Resistance Against Polymorphonuclear Leukocyte Defense
2013 (English)In: Infection and Immunity, ISSN 0019-9567, E-ISSN 1098-5522, Vol. 81, no 1, 11-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The enteropathogen Y. pseudotuberculosis can survive in the harsh environment of lymphoid compartments that abounds in immune cells. This capacity is dependent on the plasmid-encoded Yersinia outer proteins (Yops) that are delivered into the host cell via a mechanism involving the Yersinia type three secretion system. We show that the virulence protein YopK has a role in the mechanism by which Y. pseudotuberculosis avoids the polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN, or neutrophil) defense. A yopK mutant, which is attenuated in the mouse infection model where it fails to cause systemic infection, was found to colonize Peyer's patches and mesenteric lymph nodes more rapidly than the wild-type strain. Further, in mice lacking PMNs, the yopK mutant caused full disease with systemic spread and typical symptoms. Analyses of effects on PMNs revealed that both the wild-type strain and the yopK mutant inhibited internalization and ROS production, as well as neutrophil extracellular trap formation by PMNs. However, the wild-type strain effectively avoided induction PMN death, whereas the mutant caused a necrotic-like PMN death. Taken together, our results indicate that YopK is required for the ability of Yersinia to resist the PMN defense, which is critical for the virulence of the pathogen. We suggest a mechanism where YopK functions to prevent unintended Yop delivery and thereby PMN disruption resulting in necrotic like cell death, which would enhance the inflammatory response favoring the host.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 81, no 1, 11-22 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-61273DOI: 10.1128/IAI.00650-12ISI: 000316298000002PubMedID: 23090955OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-61273DiVA: diva2:565448