A Model of Psychosocial Work Environment, Stress, and Satisfaction Among Dental Students in Sweden
2012 (English)In: Journal of Dental Education, ISSN 0022-0337, Vol. 76, no 9, 1206-1217 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Dental students are often described as stressed. The stress has, among other things, been connected to stressors in their psychosocial environment and inconsistent feedback. The hypothesis of this study was that the psychosocial work environment in dental schools leads to stress and affects the satisfaction of dental students and that tolerance for ambiguity shields students from stress. A web-based survey was sent to the entire Swedish dental student population in clinical training (N=805); the response rate was 40 percent. Structural equation modeling used in the analyses contains four main constructs: psychosocial work environment, tolerance for ambiguity, perceived stress, and student satisfaction (chi(2)=267.437, d.f.=174, p<0.001, Normed chi(2)=1.537, RM-SEA=0.041, CFI=0.98). Psychosocial work environment influenced both perceived stress and satisfaction: it accounted for almost all of the explained variance in perceived stress for women, while about half of the variance for the men was explained by tolerance for ambiguity. This study concluded that about 40 percent of the total perceived stress of these female dental students was related to their psychosocial work environment. Tolerance for ambiguity shielded men but not women from stress. An improved psychosocial work environment in dental schools would decrease the stress of both male and female dental students.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 76, no 9, 1206-1217 p.
dental students, dental education, academic environment, psychosocial work environment, stress, perceived stress, tolerance for ambiguity, gender norms, Sweden
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-61203ISI: 000308337100012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-61203DiVA: diva2:565711