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Information on pros and cons of prostate-specific antigen testing to men prior to blood draw: A study from the National Prostate Cancer Register (NPCR) of Sweden
Department of Surgery, Urology Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York City, USA.
2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology, ISSN 0036-5599, E-ISSN 1651-2065, Vol. 46, no 5, 326-331 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. Recent guidelines on serum testing of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in asymptomatic men emphasize the importance of an informed decision. This study assessed the proportion of men who had received written or oral information on the possible consequences of testing of serum levels of PSA before blood draw.

Material and methods. From the National Prostate Cancer Register (NPCR) in Sweden, 600 men per year were randomly selected out of all men with T1c prostate cancer who were diagnosed in the work-up of a PSA test as a part of health examination in 2006-2008. In a mailed questionnaire these men were asked whether and how they had been informed about the pros and cons of a PSA test prior to blood draw.

Results. In total, 1621 out of 1800 men (90.1%) responded to the questionnaire; 39/1563 (2.5%) reported that they had received only written information before testing, 179/1563 (11.5%) had received both oral and written information, 763/1563 (48.8%) had received oral information only, 423/1563 (27.1%) had not received any information and 159/1563 (10.2%) were not aware of that a PSA test had been performed.

Conclusions. The proportion of men who had received written information on the pros and cons of a PSA test before blood draw in the setting of a health examination was low. Improved routines for giving information to the patient before a PSA test are warranted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2012. Vol. 46, no 5, 326-331 p.
Keyword [en]
decision aids, guidelines, prostate cancer, prostate-specific antigen
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-61185DOI: 10.3109/00365599.2012.691110ISI: 000308951000002PubMedID: 22647143OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-61185DiVA: diva2:566687
Available from: 2012-11-09 Created: 2012-11-07 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Adverse effects of curative treatment of prostate cancer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adverse effects of curative treatment of prostate cancer
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background Screening for prostate cancer is debated, there is conflicting data on the net benefit of screening. Men who consider screening need to be informed on the pros and cons. Rehospitalization after surgery can be used as an indicator of general quality of care. For radical prostatectomy, little is known on the readmission rate after surgery. Men diagnosed with low- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer have low prostate-cancer specific mortality. However, adverse effects after curative treatment can be severe and decrease quality of life. Curative treatments for prostate cancer differ mainly in the pattern of adverse effects but detailed analysis of long-term adverse effects is lacking.

The aim of this thesis was to assess the perioperative quality of radical prostatectomy and the risk of adverse effects after curative treatment for prostate cancer.

Material and Methods In this thesis, data from the National Prostate Cancer Register (NPCR) and other nationwide Swedish registers were used. By use of the Swedish personal identity number, NPCR was cross-linked to other registers creating Prostate Cancer data Base Sweden (PCBaSe), a large dataset for research.

Results The proportion of men who had received information on the pros and cons of screening for prostate cancer with PSA testing was low (14%) indicating that the majority of men who were screened did not make an informed decision. The risk of rehospitalization within 90 days after radical prostatectomy was approximately 10% and similar after retropubic and robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Compared to controls, there was an increased risk of adverse effects after both radiotherapy and radical prostatectomy up to twelve years after treatment and the overall risk was quite similar after retropubic and robot-assisted radical prostatectomy.

Conclusion Improved information to men on the pros and cons of PSA screening is warranted. The risk of adverse effects was elevated up to 12 years after curative treatment for prostate cancer. The pattern of adverse effects was different after radiotherapy and radical prostatectomy but quite similar after retropubic and robot-assisted radical prostatectomy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2016. 74 p.
Series
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1846
Keyword
Prostate cancer, prostate-specific antigen, decision aids, radical prostatectomy, radiotherapy, patient readmission, adverse effects
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Research subject
Urology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128709 (URN)978-91-7601-559-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-01-19, Hörsal E04 Farmakologihuset, Norrlands universitetssjukhus, Umeå, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-12-21 Created: 2016-12-13 Last updated: 2016-12-21Bibliographically approved

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