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Prevalence of respiratory and hyperreactivity symptoms in relation to levels of criteria air pollutants in Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Environmental Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences.
1997 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 7, no 3, 291-296 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Our knowledge of the adverse health effects from exposure to low levels of air pollution is still insufficient. Early indicators, such as respiratory symptoms, need more attention. We made use of the fact that possible weak effects can be detected more easily when the relevant exposure and other determinants are well controlled. A postal questionnaire was sent to random samples of inhabitants registered as residing in the Vicinity of 55 centrally located air quality monitoring stations in Swedish towns. There were 6,109 questionnaires (76%) returned. Multivariate analyses with confounding control were used to examine the effects of different levels of criteria pollutants on the prevalence of symptoms. The ranges of the half year values were 9-32 and 2-16 mu g/m(3) for nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide respectively. Logistic regression analyses showed higher risks for respiratory problems such as coughs, throat irritation and nose irritation among the persons most exposed, The associations were most obvious for nitrogen dioxide exposure among women. The suggested effects of air pollution exposure cannot be medically evaluated today but they are nevertheless interesting since they are found within common levels usually considered to be safe.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 7, no 3, 291-296 p.
Keyword [en]
respiratory symptoms, air pollutants, questionnaires, vehicle exhaust, Sweden
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-61319DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/7.3.291ISI: A1997YE78300011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-61319DiVA: diva2:566704
Available from: 2012-11-09 Created: 2012-11-09 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Urban air quality and indicators of respiratory problems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urban air quality and indicators of respiratory problems
1997 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 1997. 77 p.
Series
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 552
Keyword
air pollution, respiratory symptoms, asthma, annoyance reactions, environmental epidemiology
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-7535 (URN)91-7191-361-0 (ISBN)
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-01-10 Created: 2008-01-10 Last updated: 2012-11-09Bibliographically approved

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Forsberg, BertilWall, Stig

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