The genetic population structure of lotic and lentic mayflies of the Baetis vernus group (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae)
2012 (English)In: Canadian Entomologist, ISSN 0008-347X, Vol. 144, no 5, 679-690 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nymphs of lotic mayflies live in environments that are expected to give rise to different degrees of population structuring. Here we investigate two taxa adapted to different lifestyles. Baetis macani Kimmins (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae) lives in flowing water; brooks that may periodically dry out in the summer or freeze to the bottom in winter. Baetis jaervii Savolainen is mostly found in sedge belts along the shores of lakes. Most insects living in flowing water show low levels of among-population genetic differentiation within and among catchments. Levels of differentiation in the lotic species are therefore assumed to be lower than in lentic B. jaervii. Here we test this hypothesis. Mitochondrial DNA and allele frequencies of nuclear genes were used to detect population structure in specimens originating from an extensive area from northern Finland. The genetic differentiation among populations of the lotic B. macani is more than twice the corresponding value for the lentic B. jaervii (F-ST 0.33 versus 0.15, while the mean F-ST between species was 0.33 and significant). The result is congruent within the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene (COI) partial gene frequencies. We argue that the significant genetic population structure, which only was found in the lotic B. macani, is differentiated as a consequence to the unpredictable environment as contrasted to the stable environment in standing bodies of water.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 144, no 5, 679-690 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-61173DOI: 10.4039/tce.2012.69ISI: 000309114800007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-61173DiVA: diva2:566759