Symptoms, disability, and life satisfaction five years after whiplash injuries: a population-based cohort study
(English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
To study symptoms and disabilities five years after participants sustained whiplash injuries using questionnaires designed for mild traumatic brain injury. A second aim was to study life satisfaction and a third aim was to investigate differences between women and men regarding these variables.
Population-based cohort study
In total 186 persons (100 women and 86 men) aged 18-64 answered questionnaires on pain intensity (Visual Analogue Scale) symptoms (Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire, RPQ), disabilities (Rivermead Head Injury Follow Up Questionnaire RHFUQ) and life satisfaction (LiSat-11) five years post injury.
The most common symptoms reported on the RPQ were fatigue (41%), poor memory (39%), and headache (37%). The presence of three symptoms or more was reported by 54% of the women and 50% of the men. Inability to sustain previous workload (44%) and fatigue at work (43%) were the most frequently reported disabilities on the RHFUQ. Only 39% were satisfied with their somatic health and 60% with their mental health. Women reported significantly higher pain intensity than men. No significant differences between women and men regarding symptoms, disabilities, and life satisfaction were found.
These findings highlight the importance of assessing and quantifying symptoms in addition to neck pain in persons with long-term problems after whiplash injury and may provide a possibility to identify subgroups to tailor rehabilitation interventions. The high proportions of disability and low life satisfaction have to be taken into account when managing persons with chronic whiplash associated disorder.
Whiplash Injuries, Post-Concussion Symptoms, Life Satisfaction
Research subject Rehabilitation Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-61421OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-61421DiVA: diva2:567573