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Measurement of the atmospheric aerosol particle size distribution in a highly polluted mega-city in Southeast Asia (Dhaka-Bangladesh)
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
2012 (English)In: Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, Vol. 59, 338-343 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aerosol particle size distribution was measured with an aerodynamic particle sizer (APS) spectrometer continuously from January 21 to April 24, 2006 in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Particles number, surface and mass distributions data were stored automatically with Aerosol Instrument Manager (AIM) software on average every half an hour in a computer attached to the APS. The grand total average of number, surface and mass concentrations were 8.2 x 10(3) +/- 7.8 x 10(3) particles cm(-3), 13.3 x 10(3) +/- 11.8 x 10(3) mu m(2) cm(-3) and 3.04 +/- 2.10 mg m(-3), respectively. Fine particles with diameter smaller than 1.0 mu m aerodynamic diameter (AD) dominated the number concentration, accounted for 91.7% of the total particles indicating vehicular emissions were dominating in Dhaka air either from fossil fuel burning or compressed natural gas (CNGs). The surface and mass concentrations between 0.5 and 1.0 mu m AD were about 56.0% and 26.4% of the total particles, respectively. Remarkable seasonal differences were observed between winter and pre-monsoon seasons with the highest monthly average in January and the lowest in April. Aerosol particles in winter were 3.79 times higher for number, 3.15 times for surface and 2.18 times for mass distributions than during the pre-monsoon season. Weekends had lower concentrations than weekdays due to less vehicular traffic in the streets. Aerosol particles concentrations were about 15.0% (ranging from 9.4% to 17.3%) higher during traffic peak hours (6:00am-8:00pm) than off hours (8:00pm-6:00am). These are the first aerosol size distribution measurements with respect to number, surface and mass concentrations in real time at Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 59, 338-343 p.
Keyword [en]
Aerosol size distribution, Number concentration, Aerodynamic particle sizer (APS)
National Category
Other Chemistry Topics
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-61152DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.05.024ISI: 000309081100038OAI: diva2:568090
Available from: 2012-11-15 Created: 2012-11-07 Last updated: 2013-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Al Mamoon, Hassan
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