umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Clonal diversity and morphometry in the parthenogenetic earthworm Eiseniella tetraedra (Sav.) as affected by habitat characteristics including radioactive pollution
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Science and Technology).
2011 (English)In: Pedobiologia, ISSN 0031-4056, E-ISSN 1873-1511, Vol. 54, S11-S18 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Eiseniella tetraedra (Sav.) is a cosmopolitan earthworm reproducing by obligate parthenogenesis. Here, we examined whether habitat characteristics affected the clone pool diversities and morphometric variability of the stenotopic riparian species E. tetraedra along a west-east transect from the Scandinavian mountains to lowland habitats of the Swedish east coast through Finland and to Russia (the Komi Republic) near the Ural Mountains. The transect comprised a geographical distance that cuts through the maritime to continental climatological zones within the boreal forest belt. It terminated in the Komi Republic, thus adding habitat (soil) characteristics to the factor of radioactive pollution. We found that mountain brooks in Sweden hosted the lowest numbers of clones, but in the lowland samples the clone pool diversities decreased in general from Sweden through Finland and Russia, i.e. from west to east. Nevertheless, high levels of clonal variability were observed within the countries, so that even monomorphic pools were found. However, no clones were shared between the countries. The fresh body weights and posterior body lengths of adult earthworms decreased from west to east. The numbers of posterior segments did not, however, differ between the countries, clue to decreased segment size. The location of the clitellum, tubercula pubertatis and male pores showed no clear-cut morphometric clines along the W-E gradient, but the tubercula pubertatis and male pores were more clearly demarcated in adults of the Russian material than in those from the West. Eiseniella adults from the Swedish mountains carried spermatophores considerably more often than those from the other localities. E. tetraedra from localities with radioactive pollution in Russia (the Komi Republic) showed no clear-cut clone pool diversities in comparison to the clone pools of the other sites within the area. Monomorphic clone pools were recorded in localities with low as well as high levels of long-term ionizing radiation and exposure to heavy metals. We found no morphological malformations, such as dislocations of characters, in comparison to individuals from sites with lower levels of environmental radiation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 54, S11-S18 p.
Keyword [en]
Earthworm, Eiseniella tetraedra, Parthenogenesis, Clone, Morphological characters, Environmental radiation
National Category
Soil Science Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-61486DOI: 10.1016/j.pedobi.2011.08.009ISI: 000300211300003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-61486DiVA: diva2:569943
Conference
9th International Symposium on Earthworm Ecology, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico, 5th – 10th September 2010
Note

Supplement 1

Available from: 2012-11-15 Created: 2012-11-15 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Saura, Anssi
By organisation
Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Science and Technology)
In the same journal
Pedobiologia
Soil ScienceBiological Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 65 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf