Identification of fluoride and phosphate binding sites at FeOOH surfaces
2012 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 116, no 41, 21939-21947 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Iron oxyhydroxide minerals occur widely in nature and play important roles in environmental and industrial processes. Owing to their high reactivity, these minerals can act as sinks and/or transformation centers for a variety of inorganic and organic ions. Interfacial reactions are often mediated by surface (hydr)oxo groups. These groups can be singly, doubly, or triply coordinated with respect to underlying Fe atoms. In order to investigate the reactivity of these differently coordinated groups, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was used to examine adsorption products formed on iron oxyhydroxide surfaces. The absence of water was required to probe the O-H stretching region after initial reactions in aqueous media. This work was specifically focused on synthetic, submicrometer-sized lepidocrocite and goethite particles reacted with aqueous solutions of sodium fluoride and monosodium phosphate. Langmuir-Freundlich adsorption isotherms were calibrated on adsorption data in aqueous media at various pH values to obtain the maximum sorption densities for these ions under these conditions. FTIR measurements of the resulting solids dried under N-2(g) show that fluoride and phosphate ions preferentially exchange with singly coordinated hydroxyls. Doubly coordinated groups can, however, be exchanged with fluoride ions at relatively high loading densities. Triply coordinated groups remain, in contrast, resilient to exchange. They may, however, stabilize phosphate species by hydrogen bonding. These findings add further constraints to our understanding of adsorption reactions and to the formulation of molecularly adequate thermodynamic models.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2012. Vol. 116, no 41, 21939-21947 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-61771DOI: 10.1021/jp3083776ISI: 000309902100037OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-61771DiVA: diva2:572448