Operationalizing balanced time perspective in a Swedish sample
2012 (English)In: The International Journal of Educational and Psychological Assessment, ISSN 2094-0734, Vol. 12, no 1, 95-107 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Past research suggests that biases in temporal orientation may have systematic effects ongoal-directed behavior and that physical and mental well-being is associated with balanced time perspective (BTP, Zimbardo and Boyd, 1999). The aim of this study was to examine different operationalizations of the BTP, and to present an alternative proposal in which BTP is measured as a multidimensional, rather than a binary, construct. Two versions of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI) were administered to a sample of 502 individuals. The proposed operationalization shows important advantages in terms of ecological validity of the multidimensional definition, sample independency and possibility to adjust for country differences. Our proposal may also have practical implications both for individuals and groups, e.g. in working teams, psychological counseling, psychotherapy and when recruiting personal forleading positions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Time Taylor Academic Journals , 2012. Vol. 12, no 1, 95-107 p.
ZTPI (Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory), S-ZTPI (Swedish Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory), levels of balance, BTP operationalization
Research subject Psychology; Statistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-61899OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-61899DiVA: diva2:572808
FunderSwedish Research Council