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A comparison between three physiotherapy approaches with regard to health-related factors in patients with non-specific musculoskeletal disorders.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
2002 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 24, no 6, 308-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: The main aim of this study was to compare the effects of Body Awareness Therapy (BAT), the Feldenkrais (FK) method and conventional physiotherapy on changes of health-related quality of life (HRQL), self-efficacy and sense of coherence (SOC) in patients with non-specific musculoskeletal disorders. A second aim was to explore the relationships between SOC, HRQL and self-efficacy and to examine whether SOC could be a predictor of the treatment outcome.

METHOD: A total of 78 patients, 64 women and 14 men, were recruited consecutively to the three treatment groups. The instrument used were the Swedish version of SF-36, the 20 items Arthritis Self-efficacy Scale and the 29-item questionnaire by Antonovsky.

RESULTS: The results showed that there were significant improvements on all subscales of SF-36 except for one. By using effect-size values it was found that the BAT and FK groups reached larger effect-size than did the conventional therapy group. These two groups also improved in self-efficacy of pain and stayed stable while the third group deteriorated at the one-year follow-up. There were significant correlations between the mental dimensions of SF-36 and SOC indicating that the instruments may measure aspects of the same global construct.

CONCLUSIONS: Although few significant differences between the three treatment groups the BAT and FK seemed to improve health-related quality of life and self-efficacy of pain to a somewhat higher degree than the conventional physiotherapy. SOC seemed to be a stable trait measure over time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 24, no 6, 308-17 p.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-61935DOI: 10.1080/09638280110087502PubMedID: 12017464OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-61935DiVA: diva2:573746
Available from: 2012-12-03 Created: 2012-12-03 Last updated: 2017-12-07
In thesis
1. Health problems and treatment effects in patients with non-specific musculoskeletal disorders: a comparison between Body awareness therapy, Feldenkrais and individual physiotherapy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health problems and treatment effects in patients with non-specific musculoskeletal disorders: a comparison between Body awareness therapy, Feldenkrais and individual physiotherapy
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2002
Series
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 774
Keyword
Non-specific musculoskeletal disorders, treatment effects effect-size, Body Awareness Therapy, Feldenkrais, Individual Physiotherapy, primary care, Muskelsjukdomar
National Category
Physiotherapy Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100580 (URN)91-7305-200-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2002-03-15, Aulan, Vårdvetarhuset, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 09:00
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digitalisering@umu
Note

Diss. (sammanfattning) Umeå : Umeå universitet, 2002, Härtill 5 uppsatser.

Available from: 2015-03-05 Created: 2015-03-04 Last updated: 2015-04-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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