Test-retest reliability, smallest real difference and concurrent validity of six different balance tests on young people with mild to moderate intellectual disability
2012 (English)In: Physiotherapy, ISSN 0031-9406, E-ISSN 1873-1465, Vol. 98, no 4, 313-319 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives Some studies have reported that people with intellectual disability may have reduced balance ability compared with the population in general. However, none of these studies involved adolescents, and the reliability and validity of balance tests in this population are not known. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability of six different balance tests and to investigate their concurrent validity.
Design Test-retest reliability assessment.
Settings All subjects were recruited from a special school for people with intellectual disability in Bollnas, Sweden.
Participants Eighty-nine adolescents (35 females and 54 males) with mild to moderate intellectual disability with a mean age of 18 years (range 16 to 20 years).
Interventions All subjects followed the same test protocol on two occasions within an 11-day period.
Main outcomes Balance test performances.
Results Intraclass correlation coefficients greater than 0.80 were achieved for four of the balance tests: Extended Timed Up and Go Test, Modified Functional Reach Test, One-leg Stance Test and Force Platform Test. The smallest real differences ranged from 12% to 40%; less than 20% is considered to be low. Concurrent validity among these balance tests varied between no and low correlation.
Conclusion The results indicate that these tests could be used to evaluate changes in balance ability over time in people with mild to moderate intellectual disability. The low concurrent validity illustrates the importance of knowing more about the influence of various sensory subsystems that are significant for balance among adolescents with intellectual disability.
(C) 2011 Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 98, no 4, 313-319 p.
Postural balance, Functional reach, Timed up and go, ICC, Intellectual disability
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-62147DOI: 10.1016/j.physio.2011.05.006ISI: 000310580900007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-62147DiVA: diva2:576942