Post-heparin lipoprotein lipase activity is similar in patients on peritoneal dialysis compared to patients on haemodialysis
(English)In: BMC Nephrology, ISSN 1471-2369Article, review/survey (Other academic) Submitted
Background: Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity is known to be reduced in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Heparin, given as a bolus at start of the haemodialysis(1), induces a release of LPL from its binding sites at endothelial surfaces of capillaries to blood. It is not clear if the levels of endothelial LPL between dialysis sessions remains lowered in patients on HD due to the necessary frequent heparinizations. The aim of this study was to see if the pool of heparin-releasable LPL activity differed between patients on HD compared to those on PD that do not need anticoagulation during dialysis.
The study included 16 patients each on chronic PD or HD. All patients received a bolus of low molecular weight heparin (tinzaparin 75 units/kg) intravenously to estimate the endothelial pool of LPL. Blood samples were drawn for analysis of LPL activity and triglycerides (TG) before and 40 and 180 minutes after the tinzaparin bolus.
Results: The increase in median LPL activity at 40 min after tinzaparin was similar in PD and HD patients. At 180 minutes a slightly higher median level of LPL activity was noted in the PD patients (6.1 mU/mL (n=6) versus 3.4 mU/mL (n=16), p=0.005). The TG concentration in plasma at 40 min was reduced relatively more in the PD patients than in the HD patients. At 180 min TG had returned to start levels in HD patients while they were still below the start level in PD patients.
Conclusion: Post-heparin LPL activity is similar in PD as in HD patients. This indicates that the endothelial LPL pool is not exhausted by repeated loss during each HD session.
Peritoneal dialysis, haemodialysis, lipoprotein lipase, triglyceride, tinzaparin, anticoagulation.
Urology and Nephrology
Research subject Medical Biochemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-62720OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-62720DiVA: diva2:577665