Pelvic fractures at a new level 1 trauma centre: who dies from pelvic trauma?: The Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital Experience
2012 (English)In: Orthopaedic surgery, ISSN 1757-7861, Vol. 4, no 4, 216-221 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To identify the incidence of pelvic trauma, causes of death and factors predicting death with pelvic fractures.
Methods: All pelvic fractures were retrospectively identified from a registry spanning from March 2007 to August 2009. Data was captured on a proforma. Data for survivors, non-survivors and a subgroup with pelvic injury as the underlying cause of death were compared.
Results: Pelvic fracture incidence was 16% of major trauma cases. Patient with pelvic fractures had 31% mortality and 9% pelvic fracture-induced mortality. Motor vehicle collisions were the commonest external cause of pelvic fractures (59%); however, the highest mortality was from falls >6 m. The Injury Severity Score (ISS) was 29 in survivors, 36 in non-survivors, and 54 in the pelvic death subgroup. Type C fracture was a predictor of mortality (P = 0.135). 53% of the cases required transfusion in the first 24 hours. The pelvic death subgroup received a mean of 10.7 units of blood, versus 4 units for survivors and 3.7 units for non-survivors (P = 0.259).
Conclusion: The overall incidence of pelvic fracture and associated mortality were higher than previously reported. Fracture severity and falls from heights are associated with additional injuries (higher ISS) and mortality. More severe fractures cause deaths directly attributable to the pelvic injury. The requirement for major blood transfusions for pelvic fracture hemorrhage was related to mortality. Female patients appeared to fare worse than males.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tianjin Hospital and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd , 2012. Vol. 4, no 4, 216-221 p.
Fracture, Mortality, Pelvis, Transfusion requirement
Research subject Forensic Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-62772DOI: 10.1111/os.12002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-62772DiVA: diva2:578272