umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Gender Differences in Children's Voice Use in a Day Care Environment
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Speech and Language Therapy.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Speech and Language Therapy.
Show others and affiliations
2012 (English)In: Journal of Voice, ISSN 0892-1997, E-ISSN 1873-4588, Vol. 26, no 6, p. 817.e15-817 e18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. The prevalence of dysphonia is higher in boys than in girls before puberty. This could be because of the differences in boys' and girls' voice use. Previous research on gender differences in prepubescent children's voice parameters has been contradictory. Most studies have focused on examining fundamental frequency. Objectives. The purpose of this study was to investigate voice use in boys and girls in a day care environment based on the voice parameters fundamental frequency (Hz), vocal intensity (dB SPL), and phonation time (%) and to ascertain whether there were any significant gender differences. Study Design. Prospective comparative design. Method. The study was conducted in a day care environment where 30 children (17 boys and 13 girls aged 4-5 years) participated. The participants' voices were measured continuously for 4 hours with a voice accumulator that registered fundamental frequency, vocal intensity level, phonation time, and background noise. Results. Mean (standard deviation) fundamental frequency was 310 (22) and 321 (16) Hz, vocal intensity was 93 (4) and 91 (3) dB SPL, and phonation time was 7.7 (2.0)% and 7.6 (2.5)% for boys and girls, respectively. No differences between genders were statistically significant. Conclusion. The finding of no statistically significant gender differences for measurements of voice parameters in a group of children aged 4-5 years in a day care environment is an important finding that contributes to increased knowledge about young boys' and girls' voice use.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 26, no 6, p. 817.e15-817 e18
Keyword [en]
Children's voice use, Voice accumulator, Day care environment, Dysphonia
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-63033DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2012.05.001ISI: 000311428300040OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-63033DiVA, id: diva2:581107
Available from: 2012-12-28 Created: 2012-12-27 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

van Doorn, Janis

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
van Doorn, Janis
By organisation
Speech and Language Therapy
In the same journal
Journal of Voice
Clinical Medicine

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 72 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf