Non-specific musculoskeletal disorders in patients in primary care: subgroups with different outcome patterns
2003 (English)In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 19, no 3, 161-173 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Patients with non-specific musculoskeletal disorders are considered to be a heterogeneous group with multifactorial problems. Appropriate and effective treatments for these patients have been hard to find. The purpose of this study was to identify subgroups of patients with different patterns of treatment outcome and to find possible predictors of outcome. A total of 78 patients, 64 females and 14 males, with non-specific musculoskeletal disorders were recruited consecutively to three different treatment approaches, Body Awareness Therapy, Feldenkrais, and conventional, individual physiotherapy in primary care. The outcome variables were calculated as effect-size values and consisted of dynamic balance; pain measurements according to pain drawing and MPI; psychological variables such as psychological distress and self-image; and health related factors with regard to quality of life, self-efficacy and sense of coherence. A cluster analysis revealed three subgroups of patients with significantly different treatment outcomes, which were systematically related to the treatment approach. With Body Awareness Therapy and Feldenkrais, the possibility to achieve positive treatment effects increased significantly in comparison to individual physiotherapy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 19, no 3, 161-173 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-64073DOI: 10.1080/09593980390230578OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-64073DiVA: diva2:587312