An increase in risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Yogyakarta, Indonesia: a comparison of two cross-sectional surveys
2015 (English)In: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, ISSN 0125-1562, Vol. 46, no 4, 775-785 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper aims to describe changes in risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) over a five year period in urban Indonesia. In 2004 (n=3,205) and 2009 (n=2,467) we conducted cross-sectional surveys of residents in Yogjakarta City, Indonesia evaluating risk factors for CVD. Smoking habits, fruit and vegetable intake, physical activity, blood pressure, weight, and height were recorded. The results of these 2 surveys conducted 5 years apart were then compared. The risk for having a CVD event was also calculated. Behavioral CVD risk factors were more common among men. The predicted risk of having a CVD event increased from 8.4% to 11.3% among men between 2004 and 2009. Effective measures need to be taken to change these behaviors among men in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization , 2015. Vol. 46, no 4, 775-785 p.
non-communicable diseases, chronic diseases, smoking, risk factor, Indonesia
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-64076ISI: 000358186000026OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-64076DiVA: diva2:587477
Published in thesis in submitted form with the title: "The increasing risk factors of CVD in Yogyakarta, Indonesia : a result from two cross-sectional surveys"2013-01-142013-01-142015-08-24Bibliographically approved