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Comparing conventional and new policy approaches for carnivore conservation: Theoretical results and application to tiger conservation
Institute for Environmental Decisions (IED), Environmental Policy and Economics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland.
Ifo Institute for Economic Research and the University of Munich, Munich, Germany .
Department of Forest Economics and Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics, CERE, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SLU, Umeå, Sweden .
Institute for Environmental Decisions (IED), Environmental Policy and Economics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland.
2011 (English)In: Environmental and Resource Economics, ISSN 0924-6460, E-ISSN 1573-1502, Vol. 48, no 2, 287-301 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

New policy approaches to facilitate the co-existence of wildlife and livestock are needed for situations where predation incidents greatly impact households’ income and retaliatory killing threatens endangered carnivore species’ survival. In this paper, models are developed to assess how two alternative policy approaches impact a herder’s decisions on carnivore hunting and livestock protection. We find that while the well-established ex-post compensation policy induces suboptimal livestock protection it can generate sufficient incentives for the herder to refrain from hunting so that the carnivore population reaches its socially optimal level. Performance payments are proposed as alternative policy. They are found not to distort livestock protection incentives and can also help achieve a socially optimal carnivore population level. Which of the two scheme types gives rise to less cost is ambiguous. An empirical analysis of the model with data from tiger-livestock conflicts in India is presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2011. Vol. 48, no 2, 287-301 p.
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-64279DOI: 10.1007/s10640-010-9411-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-64279DiVA: diva2:599782
Available from: 2013-01-22 Created: 2013-01-22 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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