The shaft of the type 1 fimbriae regulates an externalforce to match the FimH catch bond
2013 (English)In: Biophysical Journal, ISSN 0006-3495, E-ISSN 1542-0086, Vol. 104, no 10, 2137-2148 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Type 1 fimbriae mediate adhesion of uropathogenic Escherichia coli to host cells. It has been hypothesized that due to their ability to uncoil under exposure to force, fimbriae can reduce fluid shear stress on the adhesin-receptor interaction by which the bacterium adheres to the surface. In this work, we develop a model that describes how the force on the adhesin-receptor interaction of a type 1 fimbria varies as a bacterium is affected by a time-dependent fluid flow mimicking in vivo conditions. The model combines in vivo hydrodynamic conditions with previously assessed biomechanical properties of the fimbriae. Numerical methods are used to solve for the motion and adhesion force under the presence of time-dependent fluid profiles. It is found that a bacterium tethered with a type 1 pilus will experience significantly reduced shear stress for moderate to high flow velocities and that the maximum stress the adhesin will experience is limited to ∼120 pN, which is sufficient to activate the conformational change of the FimH adhesin into its stronger state but also lower than the force required for breaking it under rapid loading. Our model thus supports the assumption that the type 1 fimbria shaft and the FimH adhesin-receptor interaction are optimized to each other, and that they give piliated bacteria significant advantages in rapidly changing fluidic environments.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 104, no 10, 2137-2148 p.
type 1, E coli, pili, optical tweezers, FimH
Biophysics Physical Sciences
Research subject Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-64463DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2013.03.059ISI: 000319318400008PubMedID: 23708354OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-64463DiVA: diva2:601389