Aggressive and diffuse coronary calcification in South Asian angina patients compared to Caucasians with similar risk factors
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 167, no 6, 2472-2476 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Ethnic differences in prevalence and severity of coronary artery disease are well established and are usually attributed to risk factors variation. This study investigates the differences in coronary artery narrowing and coronary calcification between two age- and gender-matched cohorts of South Asian and Caucasian symptomatic angina patients.
METHODS: We identified 101 symptomatic angina patients of South Asian origin who had undergone CT angiography and calcium scoring, and compared them with 101 age and gender matched Caucasian patients.
RESULTS: South Asians had a greater mean number of arterial segments with both obstructive and non-obstructive plaque than Caucasians (p=0.006 and p=0.0003, respectively) and higher prevalence of triple-vessel disease (p=0.0004). Similarly, South Asians had a higher mean CAC score (p<0.0001) and the percentage of South Asians with CAC>0 and in all categories of CAC score 100-1000 were also higher, as was the number of arterial segments with calcified and non-calcified plaque. These results were more marked in patients aged >50 but in those ≤50, Caucasians showed a higher mean number of diseased segments (p=0.019), with non-obstructive plaque (p=0.02), possibly suggesting that Caucasians are likely to have more diffuse atherosclerosis at an earlier age. CAC prevalence and severity in this age-group were not significantly different between South Asians and Caucasians.
CONCLUSION: Despite similar conventional risk factors for CAD, symptomatic South Asians seem to have more aggressive and diffuse arterial calcification compared to Caucasians. These differences are more profound above the age of 50, suggesting potential genetic or other risk factors yet to be determined.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 167, no 6, 2472-2476 p.
South Asians, Coronary artery calcification, Coronary CT scanning, Atherosclerosis risk factors
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-65092DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.05.102ISI: 000324478400030PubMedID: 22704877OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-65092DiVA: diva2:603334