Education and health-lifestyle among men and women in Sweden: a 27-year prospective cohort study
2013 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 41, no 3, 284-292 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Previous research has found a positive association between health-behaviour and health. Only a few longitudinalstudies have been performed, and as far as we found, none have followed a cohort for 27 years. Methods: This study used acohort study, the “Northern Swedish Cohort”, which consisted of all graduates, n = 1080, from a compulsory school in aSwedish town. Data were collected with a comprehensive questionnaire; response rate 96.4%. Health-behaviour was analysedwith binary logistic regression, with health-behaviour at age 21, 30 and 43 years as dependent variable. Besides baselinehealth-behaviour, gender, somatic and psychological health and socioeconomic background, the analyses were adjustedfor work situation and social network. Results: The main findings were that education reduces the probability of unhealthybehaviour over the life course, which held after controlling for early life health-behaviour and possible confounders. Thegeneral education effect on health-behaviour was stronger among men than among women. Conclusions: Higher educationreduces the probability of unhealthy behavior. Thus, investments in higher education should be an important public goal.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2013. Vol. 41, no 3, 284-292 p.
education, health-behaviour, life course, youth
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-66156DOI: 10.1177/1403494813475531ISI: 000318632100009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-66156DiVA: diva2:606035