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On-line computerized vectorcardiography monitoring of myocardial ischemia during coronary angioplasty: comparison with 12-lead electrocardiography
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Cardiology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anaesthesiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5325-2688
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anaesthesiology.
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1994 (English)In: Coron Artery Dis, Vol. 5, no 6, 507-14 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: With new interventions minimizing ischemic myocardial injury, accurate and reliable techniques for the detection and continuous monitoring of myocardial ischemia are essential. We compared two techniques used for the detection of myocardial ischemia during coronary angioplasty: on-line computerized vectorcardiographic (cVCG) monitoring and the standard electrocardiography (ECG) leads or the complete 12-lead ECG. METHODS: Thirty patients scheduled for routine angioplasty were included in the study. cVCG was recorded continuously. The electrodes were placed according to the lead system described by Frank and connected to a computerized system for on-line vectorcardiography. A 12-lead ECG was recorded simultaneously. The absolute variable spatial ST vector magnitude (ST-VM) and the relative variable spatial ST change vector magnitude (STC-VM) were calculated and compared with the standard 12-lead ECG for the detection of ischemia. RESULTS: The sum of deviation in ST segment in all 12 standard ECG leads correlated closely with STC-VM, irrespective of which artery was occluded. STC-VM indicated ischemia during the first balloon inflation in 87% of the patients and demonstrated ischemia in more patients than the standard 12-lead ECG. Myocardial ischemia was not demonstrated by ST-VM in five out of 26 patients with ischemia according to STC-VM. In these cases, mainly directional vector changes and fewer changes in magnitude were observed. CONCLUSION: Compared with 12-lead ECG, on-line cVCG is a more sensitive method of detecting myocardial ischemia during coronary angioplasty and the reading is easier and faster. Our results support STC-VM > or = 0.050 mV as the criterion for ischemia during angioplasty; ST-VM should be applied together with STC-VM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1994. Vol. 5, no 6, 507-14 p.
Keyword [en]
Angina Pectoris/etiology, *Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary/adverse effects, *Computer Systems, Coronary Vessels, Electrocardiography/instrumentation/*methods, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Monitoring, Physiologic/instrumentation, Myocardial Ischemia/*diagnosis/etiology, *Online Systems, Sensitivity and Specificity, *Vectorcardiography/instrumentation
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-66530ISBN: 0954-6928 (Print)OAI: diva2:607311

Jensen, S M Johansson, G Osterman, G Reiz, S Naslund, U Comparative Study Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United states Coronary artery disease Coron Artery Dis. 1994 Jun;5(6):507-14.

Available from: 2013-02-22 Created: 2013-02-22 Last updated: 2015-09-15

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