Determinants of energy consumption: the Swedish residential sector 1920-2010
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Household energy consumption is an important aspect of mitigating climate change and the overall use of energy on a global scale. Energy consumed by households, excluding transportation uses, accounted for about 14% of delivered world energy consumption in 2008. In this paper, we examine the development of energy consumption in the Swedish residential sector during the period 1920 to 2010. We show that the growing residential building stock has contributed to higher energy consumption per household over time. Since the 1970s, however, higher real energy prices have put pressure on households to reduce their energy consumption. We find that a combination of higher market prices and taxes on energy contributed to the reduction of energy per household, causing a 10% reduction in aggregated final energy consumption.
energy demand, household, residential sector
Research subject Economic History
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-66909OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-66909DiVA: diva2:609725