Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Indigenous life expectancy in Sweden 1850-1899: towards a long and healthy life?
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base. (Ageing and Living Conditions (ALC))
2013 (English)In: Demographic Research, ISSN 1435-9871, Vol. 28, no 16, 433-456 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Previous research has shown that the health transition and demographical pattern of indigenous people has followed a different path compared to non-indigenous groups living in the same area with higher mortality rates and shortened life expectancy at birth.

Objective: This paper draws attention to the development of life expectancy for the Sami and non-Sami during the colonization era (1850-1899). The paper will compare the development of life expectancy levels, infant mortality, and age-specific mortality between the Sami and the non-Sami population and analyze the main causes of death.

Methods: The source material for this study is a set of data files from the Demographic Data Base (DDB) at Umeå University. Life tables and calculations of values of life expectancies are calculated using period data.

Results: The analysis reveals that the life expectancy at birth was remarkably lower for the Sami during the entire period, corresponding to a high infant mortality. When comparing life expectancy at birth with life expectancy at age one, Sami still had a lower life expectancy during the entire period. The analysis also reveals a lower proportion of deaths due to infections among the younger Sami.

Conclusions: The results paint a complex picture of the demographic transition in Sápmi. Neither the Sami nor the non-Sami population followed the same pattern of increased life expectancies at birth, as the Swedish population did in general. The negative consequences of colonization (high mortality, low life expectancy at birth) hit the Sami and non-Sami populations, but at different time periods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research , 2013. Vol. 28, no 16, 433-456 p.
Keyword [en]
demography, life expectancy, Sami, infant mortality, causes of death
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-67369DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2013.28.16OAI: diva2:611612
Available from: 2013-03-18 Created: 2013-03-18 Last updated: 2014-03-12Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Karlsson, Lena
By organisation
Demographic Data Base
In the same journal
Demographic Research
Social Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 83 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link