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Den omsorgsfulle ordmålaren: studier i Sven Jerrings radiospråk mot bakgrund av radions allmänna syn på språket under de första decennierna
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
1982 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
: Studies in Sven Jerring's broadcasting language in the light of the Swedish broadcasting service's general view concerning language during the first decades (English)
Abstract [en]

When Sven Jerring passed away in 1979, he had been broadcasting for more than 55 years. He was the first true announcer; the first radio reporter. For decades, almost all important public events were broadcast to the Swedish public by Sven Jerring.The main object of this study has been to study Sven Jerring's broadcasting language over a period of some forty years in three different types of programme, thus to establish whether his use of language changed during that time, and whether differences exist with regard to the type of programme. Does his language progress from a more literary style to one of a more colloquial nature? The answer to this question was sought through the study of such aspects of usage that have traditionally been regarded as denoting a literary usage, and also through the study of usage in which a conflict exists between regional usage and Standard Swedish.The study of Jerring's language has been undertaken in the light of his own statements concerning language and the correctness of language. In an introductory chapter, his broadcasting language has been set against the general view of language in broadcasting circles.The study material consists of recordings taken from three types of programme that comprises elements of Jerring's repertoire over a long period: Barnens brevlåda (Bb) [Children's Letterbox], a programme in which Jerring reads from children's letters and in which children sing and perform; Vasaloppet (Vip) [The Vasa Race], a well-known cross-country skiing race held every year in Sweden; and football commentaries (Fo).The language used by the first radio announcers was correct and formally irreproachable. The announcer's pronunciation was regarded as being of great importance. Special haüäprov, voice tests, were employed as a means of ensuring that candidates for the job adhered to the accepted standard. New announcers seem not to have received any language councelling, whereas guest speakers did. The use of a script was the rule in all types of programme. Jerring was regarded highly by his colleagues for the painstaking preparatory work that he always did. The majority of his colleagues maintained that Jerring used key-words and occasional notes. His ability to improvise without losing the thread was stressed.In his statements concerning language, Jerring consistantly rejected vulgar forms, incorrect usage, and careless language usage.At first, Jerring used two pronunciation forms for the pronoun honom 'him': hânnâm (pronounced 3honom* with two short vowels) and honåm (pronounced 'huntom' with one long and one short vowel). The latter pronunciation does not appear in the material after 1944.The much-discussed subject pronouns de, di (pronounced 'dee*) and dom 'they' caused much trouble in broadcasting, the pronunciation dom being much questioned, despite the strong trend in colloquial usage to move from de to dom. Jerring was, during his entire career, a consistant di-user. The pronunciation of the object pronouns dem and dom 'them' both appear in his broadcasts from the 30's and 40's, whereupon dom becomes the only pronunciation.Jerring used to a surprisingly high degree the -es form of the present tense passive instead om the -s form. It is possible to discern a tendency in Jerring towards a gradual swing towards the -s form. Jerring often omitted the auxiliary verb ha 'have' in subordinate clauses. In the later material, the use of ha as auxiliary verb in subordinate clauses increases in the programme types Bb and Vip. Fo differs from Bb and Vip in the high frequency of incorrectly-constructed sentences (FelM). The incorrectness of these cases of FelM consists of the omission of the subject, which constitutes a natural economy with words in the style of commentary. Bb and Vip have a higher frequency of interjection macro-syntagms (IMS) and vocative macro-syntagms (TMS) than Fo.In conclusion, it may be stated that Sven J erring's broadcasting language did in some respects alter; the shift being towards a more informal and everyday usage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1982. , 193 p.
Umeå studies in the humanities, ISSN 0345-0155 ; 48
Keyword [en]
Radio and language, linguistic change, well-known broadcaster, speech, mass communication, individual language development, style, journalism, 20th century Sweden
National Category
General Literature Studies
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-67563ISBN: 91-7174-109-7OAI: diva2:612775
Public defence
1982-05-27, Humanishuset hörsal E, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15
Available from: 2013-03-25 Created: 2013-03-25 Last updated: 2013-04-16Bibliographically approved

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