Switch to biological agent in psoriasis significantly improved clinical and patient-reported outcomes in real-world practice
2012 (English)In: Dermatology, ISSN 1018-8665, E-ISSN 1420-9832, Vol. 225, no 4, 326-332 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Although clinical studies have shown efficacy of biological agents in moderate to severe psoriasis, observational studies of real-world effectiveness are rare.
Objective: To analyse the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) and quality of life by the EQ-5D questionnaire and dermatology quality of life index (DLQI) in psoriasis patients who switched from conventional systemic treatment to biological agents in clinical practice. Furthermore, to analyse patient groups with the highest benefit of biological agents.
Methods: Longitudinal, observational study based on the Swedish National Registry for Systemic Treatment of Pso-riasis, PsoReg. Outcomes of biological-naïve patients who switched to a biological agent (n = 267) were analysed before switch and at the first follow-up.
Results: Patients significantly improved in EQ-5D, DLQI and PASI (p < 0.001). Patients with DLQI ≥10 and/or PASI ≥10 had the greatest benefits from biological agents in terms of EQ-5D.
Conclusions: Patients with moderate to severe psoriasis benefit from biological agents in clinical practice; the patients with the highest benefits were those with high pretreatment PASI and DLQI scores.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
S. Karger, 2012. Vol. 225, no 4, 326-332 p.
Biological agents, Psoriasis, EQ-5D, DLQI, PASI, Register
Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-67666DOI: 10.1159/000345715ISI: 000315976300007PubMedID: 23328678OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-67666DiVA: diva2:613197