Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Chronic burden of near-roadway traffic pollution in 10 European cities (APHEKOM network)
Show others and affiliations
2013 (English)In: European Respiratory Journal, ISSN 0903-1936, E-ISSN 1399-3003, Vol. 42, no 3, 594-605 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent epidemiological research suggests that near road traffic-related pollution may cause chronic disease, as well as exacerbate related pathologies, implying that the entire "chronic disease progression" should be attributed to air pollution, no matter what the proximate cause was. We estimated the burden of childhood asthma attributable to air pollution in 10 European cities by calculating the number of cases of 1) asthma caused by near road traffic-related pollution, and 2) acute asthma events related to urban air pollution levels. We then expanded our approach to include coronary heart diseases in adults.Derivation of attributable cases required combining concentration-response function (CRF) between exposures and the respective health outcome of interest (obtained from published literature), an estimate of the distribution of selected exposures in the target population, and information about the frequency of the assessed morbidities.Exposure to roads with high vehicle traffic, a proxy for near road traffic-related pollution, accounted for 14% of all asthma cases. When a causal relationship between near road traffic-related pollution and asthma is assumed, 15% of all episodes of asthma symptoms were attributable to air pollution. Without this assumption, only 2% of asthma symptoms were attributable to air pollution. Similar patterns were found for coronary heart diseases in older adults.Pollutants along busy roads are responsible for a large and preventable share of chronic disease and related acute exacerbation in European urban areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sheffield, England: European Respiratory Society , 2013. Vol. 42, no 3, 594-605 p.
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-67673DOI: 10.1183/09031936.00031112ISI: 000326160500009PubMedID: 23520318OAI: diva2:613286
Available from: 2013-03-27 Created: 2013-03-27 Last updated: 2014-06-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Forsberg, Bertil
By organisation
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
In the same journal
European Respiratory Journal
Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 34 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link