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Vad är Peak Oil och existerar det?: En kritisk lingvistisk av tryckta svenska medier
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
What is Peak Oil and does it exist? : A Critical Discourse Analysis of Swedish newspapers (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is the reports of Peak Oil in Swedish newspapers. In otherwords, how do the news portray or describe the concept and what sources are usedwhen writing articles. With this in mind, I have studied eight published articles in threeSwedish newspapers, Dagens Nyheter, Dagens Industri and Svenska Dagbladet. To studythese articles I've used a qualitative content analysis, as a method, or more specific aCritical Discourse Analysis (CDA). This method was chosen due to it's tools to examinethe text itself and to reveal the structures, unconscious meaning and power of words.Further more I have used theories as agenda-setting (including framing and priming),ideology and newsworthiness to complement the study.

The result from the content analysis shows two evident ideologies, one with aneconomic perspective and the other with an environment perspective – with resourcelimitation in mind. The credibility of the sources used depends on who wrote the texts,where both sides tried to be as convincing as possible when presenting their truth andfacts. Overall the environment perspective was portrayed as doomsayers and pessimistswith a greater degree of uncertainty, while the economic perspective was described asoptimists and with certainty. Regarding the sources the paper also shows that in all thearticles confirm and legitimize the power to certain sources. One particular sourcestands out, specifically Kjell Aleklett who is represented in more than half of the articles.One probable reason being that he is an respected scientiest who primarily representsthe resource limitation aswell as the enviroment perspective. Another that journalistsuse certain sources to apper credible, but also let sources with power to keep holding onto it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
Agenda-setting, framing, priming, newsworthiness, critical discourse analysis, content analysis, newspaper, media
Keyword [sv]
agenda-setting, framing, priming, nyhetsvärdering, kritisk lingvistik, medier, kvalitativ innehållsanalys
National Category
Social Sciences Media and Communications
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-67729OAI: diva2:613477
Educational program
Programme in Media and Communication Studies: Strategic Communication
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2013-04-29 Created: 2013-03-28 Last updated: 2013-04-29Bibliographically approved

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Wälimaa, Peter
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