Allergen induced cytokine profiles in type I allergic individuals before and after immunotherapy.
1997 (English)In: Immunology Letters, ISSN 0165-2478, E-ISSN 1879-0542, Vol. 57, no 1-3, 177-81 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Allergen immunotherapy (IT) involves subcutaneous injections of increasing doses of specific allergen over a period of time. It is recognised as highly effective in the treatment of patients with allergic rhinitis. However, the specific immunological mechanisms by which IT achieves its effect have not been fully elucidated. Recent studies, have shown that the clinical effects following IT of allergic individuals is concomitant with a reduced production of IL-4 by allergen specific CD4+ T-cells. The aim of the present study was to gain better knowledge about the immunological mechanisms by which IT exerts its beneficial effects. For this purpose, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from ten individuals receiving birch allergen or placebo in an IT-study performed in a double-blind manner, were analysed for IL-4, IFN-gamma, IL-5 and IL-10 mRNA expression at the onset of the study and during the pollen season, during treatment. Both spontaneous and in vitro allergen-induced cytokine mRNA expression was analysed using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Spontaneous expression of IL-4 mRNA could be detected in most of the allergic patients, but not in healthy donors. The IT-treated patients showed a decrease in the spontaneous expression of IL-4 mRNA during the pollen season as compared to at the onset of the study, while in patients receiving placebo the IL-4 mRNA expression increased or remained unchanged. Similar results were obtained after in vitro stimulation with allergen. This was in contrast to the results for IFN-gamma, which was readily detected in both patient groups with no significant differences between the groups at either timepoint. IL-5 was shown to be increased during the pollen season in both groups and thereby presumably not affected by allergen IT. Taken together, these observations suggest that the cytokine profiles in circulating T lymphocytes change as a consequence of allergen IT.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 57, no 1-3, 177-81 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-68015PubMedID: 9232448OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-68015DiVA: diva2:615434