Human uvula: characterization of resident leukocytes and local cytokine production
2000 (English)In: Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, ISSN 0003-4894, Vol. 109, no 5, 488-496 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Upper airway infections often lead to macroscopic changes in the architecture of the uvula. Using immunomorphometric analysis, we investigated the frequency and distribution of immune cells and of cytokine-producing cells in uvular samples. Tissue macrophages, alphabeta T cells, gammadelta T cells, and B cells were, in declining order, the main cell populations. Gammadelta T cells and B cells exhibited reciprocal localization, with almost all gammadelta T cells residing in the vicinity of the epithelium, and all B cells in the glandular area. The presence of cells expressing the suppressor phenotype CD8+CD28- alphabeta T cells is suggested. Fifteen to twenty-five percent of the immune cells expressed the down-regulatory cytokine tumor growth factor beta. Most macrophages were located subepithelially, in the vicinity of the basal lamina. The composition and cytokine profile of leukocytes in the tissue suggest that the uvula may be a site, additional to the jejunal mucosa, for induction of mucosal tolerance to inhaled and ingested antigens. Concomitantly, the uvula appears to be protected from invasion of microbial pathogens by a subepithelial barrier of macrophages and gammadelta T cells.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 109, no 5, 488-496 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-68023PubMedID: 10823479OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-68023DiVA: diva2:615470