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Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: elevernas språkkunskaper
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
1980 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Bilingualism in Tornedalen : the linguistic ability of the pupils (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inom det SÖ-finansierade projektet Glesbygdens skolfrågor, del III, utnyttjades flera olika metoder att mäta och beskriva elevernas språkkunskaper (svenska-finska). I denna rapport redovisas en delstudie där skattningsmetoder utnyttjats (självskattning och lärarskattning). 354 elever (åk 4) i kommunerna Haparanda, Övertorneå och Pajala ingick. Två typer av självskattning genomfördes, odifferentierad respektive differentierad skattning. Resultaten visar att den förstnämnda metoden i förhållande till den senare ger avsevärda överskattningar av språkkunskaperna. En jämförelse mellan elev- (själv-) och lärarskattning visar ett relativt högt samband. Ungefär var femte elev anser sig ha medelgoda eller bättre än medelgoda kunskaper då det gäller att tala finska medan var tredje anser sig förstå språket i motsvarande grad. Skillnader mellan elevernas kunskaper med avseende på bostadsort (tätort-gles-bygd), social bakgrund men ej kön erhölls. Det är utanför tätorterna samt i socialgrupp tre man återfinner elever med störst kunskap i finska språket. Resultaten visar vidare att kunskaperna att förstå finska är betydligt större än kunskaperna att tala finska.

Abstract [en]

In the project "Education in sparsely populated areas", financed by the National Board of Education, several different methods of measuring and describing the linguistic ability of the pupils (Swedish - Finnish) were used. In this report a study, where rating methods have been used (self rating and teacher rating) is accounted for.,354 pupils (in grade 4) in the districts of Haparanda, Övertorneå and Pajala took part. Two types of self rating methods were carried out, undifferentiated and differentiated rating respectively. The results show that the first method compared to the second one yields considerable overestimations of the linguistic ability. A comparison between pupil (i.e. self-) and teacher ratings shows a relatively high correlation. Approximately every fifth pupil considers himself or herself to have an average or above average ability of speaking Finnish, whereas every third pupil considers himself or herself able to understand the language to the same extent. Differences between the ability of the pupils regarding their residential areas (densely populated - sparsely populated areas) and social background were found but not as for sex. It is outside the densely populated areas and in "social group 3" (working class) that you will find the pupils who have the greatest knowledge of the Finnish language. Furthermore the results show that the ability of understanding Finnish is much greater than that of speaking it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1980. , 18 p.
Series
Pedagogiska rapporter Umeå, ISSN 0348-9388 ; 80
Keyword [sv]
Meänkieli, Tvåspråkighet, Sverige, Norrbotten, Tornedalen
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-68357OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-68357DiVA: diva2:616581
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2013-04-17 Created: 2013-04-17 Last updated: 2013-04-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: sammanfattning och diskussion
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: sammanfattning och diskussion
1980 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Bilingualism in Tornedalen : summary and discussion
Abstract [en]

This report is a summary and a discussion of a research project on bilingualism in Tornedalen. Within the project "Education in sparsely populated areas", financed by the National Board of Education, a number of studies were carried out aiming at giving a description of the present linguistic situation (Swedish/Finnish) of the pupils in the comprehensive school. Another aim was to see if there was any correlation between school achievement and the linguistic abilities of the pupils (Swedish-Finnish) . In this connection the intention was also to develop methods of measurement and to construct tests. The basis of the work was a model originally developed by Spolsky (1974) and had in a broad sense a "sociology of language" approach. The population consisted of all the 354 pupils in grade 4 in the district of Haparanda, Övertorneå and Paj ala. The gathering of data in which combination of different methods such as interviews, observations and testings were used, took place at the turn of the year 1975/76. The results have been published in six reports (nr 78-83) in the series of reports of the Department of Education, Pedagogiska rapporter, Umeå (in Swedish). In this summary the main results are accounted for concerning the pupil's use of language and linguistic knowledge as well as results and marks. The results show that the use of the Finnish language is almost restricted to the home environment. As for the knowledge of Finnish it can be noted that about 40 per cent have active abilities and the rest of the pupils are purely Swedish speaking. The difference between the mentioned groups as regards the other measurements of achievement used were small or insignificant especially if the social background of the pupils was taken into consideration. The main conclusion was that the Finnish language in Tornedalen is decreasing and that in one or two generations probably all the area will be Swedish speaking. The consequences of this are discussed,and the importance of school and education is also dealt with. Suggestions for further research are given such as longitudinal and iterated cross-sectional studies and comparative studies in other bilingual areas. Studies about attitudes to the languages in Tornedalen are suggested as well as intensified work on the developing of methods in bilingual research. Finnally further investigations on the covariation between different factors and school achievement are recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 1980. 73 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0281-6768 ; 13
Keyword
Bilingualism, bilingual pupils, language use, linguistic ability, oral production, sociology of language, Tornedalen
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16610 (URN)91-7174-057-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
1980-12-04, Humanisthuset hörsal G, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2007-10-07 Created: 2007-10-07 Last updated: 2013-04-18Bibliographically approved

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