umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: inledning och allmän bakgrund
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
1980 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Bilingualism in Tornedalen : introduction and general background (English)
Abstract [sv]

Rapporten är den första av sex där undersökningar inom ramen för det SÖ-finansierade projektet Glesbygdens skolfrågor III redovisas. Projektet som behandlar problem kring tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen har som syfte att ge en beskrivning av språkläget i området bland annat genom att kartlägga elevernas färdigheter i finska och svenska samt att undersöka om det förekommer någon samvariation mellan skolprestationer (test och betyg) och elevernas språkliga färdigheter. Vidare ar syftet att konstruera test och utveckla mätmetoder, främst för att uppnå tidigare nämnda syften, men också för att kunna användas i andra undersökningar om tvåspråkighet.Rapporten inleds med en kortfattad beskrivning av Tornedalen med avseende på befolkningsutveckling, näringsstruktur och språksituation. I samband därmed behandlas kortfattat skol- och språkpolitik. Tvåspråkig-hetsforksning i allmänhet och i Tornedalen i synnerhet redovisas.De teoretiska utgångspunkterna för arbetet beskrivs och slutligen redovisas en arbetsmodell som legat till grund för de genomförda undersökningarna.Undersökningsgruppen utgjordes av samtliga elever i åk 4 (398) i kommunerna Haparanda, Övertorneå och Pajala. Datainsamling skedde genom en kombination av olika metoder t ex intervjuer, observationer och testningar.Rapporten avslutas med en beskrivning av undersökningsgruppen med avseende på bland annat kön, bostadsort, familjesituation samt test- och betygsmedelvärden. Det konstateras att socialgruppsfördelningen är något avvikande från riksgenomsnittet medan skillnaderna ifråga om test och betyg är små eller obefintliga.

Abstract [en]

This report is the first out of six where investigations within the project Education in sparsely populated areas, financed by the National Board of Education, are accounted for. The project deals with problems of bilingualism in Tornedalen and aims at giving a description of the linguistic situation of the area e.g. by describing the pupils knowledge of Swedish and Finnish and by investigation if there is any correlation between school achievements (tests and marks) and the linguistic abilities of the pupils. Furthermore the aim is to construct tests and develop methods of measurement mainly to be able to reach the earlier mentioned aims. They may also be used in other bilingual investigations.The report begins with a short description of Tornedalen as regards migration and other population trends, economic structure and linguistic situation. In connection with this school and language policy is breifly dealt with. Reasearch on bilingualism in general and Tornedalen in particular is accounted for.The theoretical approaches of this work are described and finally a working model as a basis of the investigations carried out is accounted for.The population consisted of all the 354 pupils in- grade 4 in the districts of Haparanda, Övertorneå and Pajala. The compilation of data was done through combination of varions different methods e.g. interviews, observations and testings.The report ends with a description of the population with respect to - among other twings - sex, residential area, family situation, grade point-average and results on tests. It could be stated that the distribution in social classes is somewhat deviant from the national average while the differences as for tests and grades are slight.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1980. , 44 p.
Series
Pedagogiska rapporter Umeå, ISSN 0348-9388 ; 78
Keyword [sv]
Meänkieli, Tvåspråkighet, Sverige, Norrbotten, Tornedalen
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-68364OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-68364DiVA: diva2:616592
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2013-04-17 Created: 2013-04-17 Last updated: 2013-04-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: sammanfattning och diskussion
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: sammanfattning och diskussion
1980 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Bilingualism in Tornedalen : summary and discussion
Abstract [en]

This report is a summary and a discussion of a research project on bilingualism in Tornedalen. Within the project "Education in sparsely populated areas", financed by the National Board of Education, a number of studies were carried out aiming at giving a description of the present linguistic situation (Swedish/Finnish) of the pupils in the comprehensive school. Another aim was to see if there was any correlation between school achievement and the linguistic abilities of the pupils (Swedish-Finnish) . In this connection the intention was also to develop methods of measurement and to construct tests. The basis of the work was a model originally developed by Spolsky (1974) and had in a broad sense a "sociology of language" approach. The population consisted of all the 354 pupils in grade 4 in the district of Haparanda, Övertorneå and Paj ala. The gathering of data in which combination of different methods such as interviews, observations and testings were used, took place at the turn of the year 1975/76. The results have been published in six reports (nr 78-83) in the series of reports of the Department of Education, Pedagogiska rapporter, Umeå (in Swedish). In this summary the main results are accounted for concerning the pupil's use of language and linguistic knowledge as well as results and marks. The results show that the use of the Finnish language is almost restricted to the home environment. As for the knowledge of Finnish it can be noted that about 40 per cent have active abilities and the rest of the pupils are purely Swedish speaking. The difference between the mentioned groups as regards the other measurements of achievement used were small or insignificant especially if the social background of the pupils was taken into consideration. The main conclusion was that the Finnish language in Tornedalen is decreasing and that in one or two generations probably all the area will be Swedish speaking. The consequences of this are discussed,and the importance of school and education is also dealt with. Suggestions for further research are given such as longitudinal and iterated cross-sectional studies and comparative studies in other bilingual areas. Studies about attitudes to the languages in Tornedalen are suggested as well as intensified work on the developing of methods in bilingual research. Finnally further investigations on the covariation between different factors and school achievement are recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 1980. 73 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0281-6768 ; 13
Keyword
Bilingualism, bilingual pupils, language use, linguistic ability, oral production, sociology of language, Tornedalen
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16610 (URN)91-7174-057-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
1980-12-04, Humanisthuset hörsal G, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2007-10-07 Created: 2007-10-07 Last updated: 2013-04-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen(3634 kB)225 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 3634 kBChecksum SHA-512
83e46f11b76f9fe5c8690d3ee58a352ccd958c4f1763b2f3110ac35f66c82e766886c479d682b179d54184824c367889bf232740460cac4bb8d8d693c454d51f
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Rönmark, WalterWikström, Joel
By organisation
Department of Education
General Language Studies and LinguisticsPedagogy

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 225 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 321 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf