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Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: mätning av kunskaper i finska
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
1980 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Bilingualism in Tornedalen : measuring knowledge of Finnish (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inom ramen för det SÖ-finansierade projektet Glesbygdens skolfrågor III, utfördes tre delstudier med syfte att mäta och beskriva elevernas språkkunskaper. I denna rapport redovisas resultaten av tre utarbetade test, två som mäter aktiva färdigheter (ordkunskaps- och ordproduk-tionsprov) samt ett förståelseprov. 354 elever i åk 4 i kommunerna Haparanda, Övertorneå och Pajala ingick. Testens realiabilitet befanns vara godtagbar. Erhållna resultat stöder i stort resultaten utifrån tidigare genomförda skattningar. (Rönmark & Wikström, 1980 c). Inga skillnader i språkkunskaper med avseende på kön erhölls, däremot med avseende på kommun, tätort-glesbygd och socialgrupp. Resultaten visar att testresultaten har ett högre samband med lärarskattningar än elevskattningar. Testresultaten kommer inom ramen för projektet längre fram att ligga till grund för en differentiering mellan å ena sidan elever med passiva kunskaper i finska och å andra sidan helt svenskspråkiga elever.

Abstract [en]

As a part of the project "Education in sparsely populated areas" financed by the National Board of Education three studies aiming at measuring and describing the linguistic ability of the pupils were carried out. This report accounts for the results of three constructed tests, two of them measuring active abilities (test in knowledge of words and production of words) and the third a comprehension test. 354 pupils in grade 4 in the districts of Haparanda, över-torneå and Pajala took part. The reliability of the tests was acceptable. Achieved results support on the whole the results of previously made ratings (Rönmark & Wikström, 1980). No differences in linguistic ability as regards sex were obtained whereas differences were found regarding residential areas,densely populated areas - sparsely populated areas, and social class. The results show that the tests have a higher correlation with teacher ratings than pupil ratings. Further on within the project the test results will be the basis of a differentiation between on the one hand pupils with passive knowledge of Finnish and on the other harrd totally Swedish speaking pupils.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1980. , 21 p.
Series
Pedagogiska rapporter Umeå, ISSN 0348-9388 ; 81
Keyword [sv]
Meänkieli, Tvåspråkighet, Sverige, Norrbotten, Tornedalen
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-68366OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-68366DiVA: diva2:616607
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2013-04-17 Created: 2013-04-17 Last updated: 2013-04-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: sammanfattning och diskussion
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: sammanfattning och diskussion
1980 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Bilingualism in Tornedalen : summary and discussion
Abstract [en]

This report is a summary and a discussion of a research project on bilingualism in Tornedalen. Within the project "Education in sparsely populated areas", financed by the National Board of Education, a number of studies were carried out aiming at giving a description of the present linguistic situation (Swedish/Finnish) of the pupils in the comprehensive school. Another aim was to see if there was any correlation between school achievement and the linguistic abilities of the pupils (Swedish-Finnish) . In this connection the intention was also to develop methods of measurement and to construct tests. The basis of the work was a model originally developed by Spolsky (1974) and had in a broad sense a "sociology of language" approach. The population consisted of all the 354 pupils in grade 4 in the district of Haparanda, Övertorneå and Paj ala. The gathering of data in which combination of different methods such as interviews, observations and testings were used, took place at the turn of the year 1975/76. The results have been published in six reports (nr 78-83) in the series of reports of the Department of Education, Pedagogiska rapporter, Umeå (in Swedish). In this summary the main results are accounted for concerning the pupil's use of language and linguistic knowledge as well as results and marks. The results show that the use of the Finnish language is almost restricted to the home environment. As for the knowledge of Finnish it can be noted that about 40 per cent have active abilities and the rest of the pupils are purely Swedish speaking. The difference between the mentioned groups as regards the other measurements of achievement used were small or insignificant especially if the social background of the pupils was taken into consideration. The main conclusion was that the Finnish language in Tornedalen is decreasing and that in one or two generations probably all the area will be Swedish speaking. The consequences of this are discussed,and the importance of school and education is also dealt with. Suggestions for further research are given such as longitudinal and iterated cross-sectional studies and comparative studies in other bilingual areas. Studies about attitudes to the languages in Tornedalen are suggested as well as intensified work on the developing of methods in bilingual research. Finnally further investigations on the covariation between different factors and school achievement are recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 1980. 73 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0281-6768 ; 13
Keyword
Bilingualism, bilingual pupils, language use, linguistic ability, oral production, sociology of language, Tornedalen
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16610 (URN)91-7174-057-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
1980-12-04, Humanisthuset hörsal G, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2007-10-07 Created: 2007-10-07 Last updated: 2013-04-18Bibliographically approved

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