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Methodology for fast curve fitting to modulated Voigt dispersion lineshape functions
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
2014 (English)In: Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, ISSN 0022-4073, E-ISSN 1879-1352, Vol. 133, 244-250 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Faraday rotation spectroscopy (FAMOS) as well as other modulated techniques that rely on dispersion produce lock-in signals that are proportional to various Fourier coefficients of modulated dispersion lineshape functions of the molecular transition targeted. In order to enable real-time curve fitting to such signals a fast methodology for calculating the Fourier coefficients of modulated lineshape functions is needed. Although there exist an analytical expression for such Fourier coefficients of modulated Lorentzian absorption and dispersion lineshape functions, there is no corresponding expression for a modulated Voigt dispersion function. The conventional computational route of such Fourier coefficients has therefore so far either consisted of using various approximations to the modulated Voigt lineshape function or solving time-consuming integrals, which has precluded accurate real-time curve fitting. Here we present a new methodology to calculate Fourier coefficients of modulated Voigt dispersion lineshape functions that is significantly faster (several orders of magnitude) and more accurate than previous approximative calculation procedures, which allows for real-time curve fitting to FAMOS signals also in the Voigt regime.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 133, 244-250 p.
Keyword [en]
Faraday rotation, Faraday modulation, Spectroscopy, Quantum cascade laser
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-68648DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2013.08.008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-68648DiVA: diva2:617164
Available from: 2013-04-22 Created: 2013-04-22 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Faraday modulation spectroscopy: Theoretical description and experimental realization for detection of nitric oxide
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Faraday modulation spectroscopy: Theoretical description and experimental realization for detection of nitric oxide
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Faraday modulation spectroscopy (FAMOS) is a laser-based spectroscopic dispersion technique for detection of paramagnetic molecules in gas phase. This thesis presents both a new theoretical description of FAMOS and experimental results from the ultra-violet (UV) as well as the mid-infrared (MIR) regions. The theoretical description, which is given in terms of the integrated linestrength and Fourier coefficients of modulated dispersion and absorption lineshape functions, facilitates the description and the use of the technique considerably. It serves as an extension to the existing FAMOS model that thereby incorporates also the effects of lineshape asymmetries primarily originating from polarization imperfections. It is shown how the Fourier coefficients of modulated Lorentzian lineshape functions, applicable to the case with fully collisionally broadened transitions, can be expressed in terms of analytical functions. For the cases where also Doppler broadening needs to be included, resulting in lineshapes of Voigt type, the lineshape functions can be swiftly evaluated (orders of magnitude faster than previous procedures) by a newly developed method for rapid calculation of modulated Voigt lineshapes (the WWA-method). All this makes real-time curve fitting to FAMOS spectra feasible. Two experimental configurations for sensitive detection of nitric oxide (NO) by the FAMOS technique are considered and their optimum conditions are determined. The two configurations target transitions originating from the overlapping Q22(21=2) and QR12(21=2) transitions in the ultra-violet (UV) region (227nm) and the Q3=2(3=2)-transition in the fundamental rotational-vibrational band in the mid-infrared (MIR) region (5.33 µm). It is shown that the implementations of FAMOS in the UV- and MIR-region can provide detection limits in the low ppb range, which opens up the possibility for applications where high detection sensitivities of NO is required.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2013. 152 p.
Keyword
Faraday modulation spectroscopy (FAMOS), Westberg-Wang-Axner (WWA) method, Fourier coefficients, Lineshape asymmetries, Nitric oxide (NO)
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-68649 (URN)978-91-7459-616-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-05-14, Naturvetarhuset, N420, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-04-23 Created: 2013-04-22 Last updated: 2013-04-23Bibliographically approved

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Westberg, JonasWang, JunyangAxner, Ove

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