Marked effects of tachykinin in myositis both in the experimental side and contralaterally: studies on NK-1 receptor expressions in an animal model
2013 (English)In: ISRN Inflammation, ISSN 2090-8695, Vol. 2013, no 907821Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Muscle injury and inflammation (myositis) in a rabbit model of an unilateral muscle overuse were examined. It is unknown if the tachykinin system has a functional role in this situation. In this study, therefore, the neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R) expression patterns were evaluated. White blood cells, nerve fascicles, fine nerve fibers, and blood vessel walls in myositis areas showed NK-1R immunoreaction. NK-1R mRNA reactions were observable for white blood cells and blood vessel walls of these areas. NK-1R immunoreaction and NK-1R mRNA reactions were also seen for muscle fibers showing degenerative and regenerative features. There were almost no NK-1R immunoreactions in normal muscle tissue. Interestingly, marked NK-1R expressions were seen for myositis areas of both the experimental side and the contralateral nonexperimental side. EIA analyses showed that the concentration of substance P in the muscle tissue was clearly increased bilaterally at the experimental end stage, as compared to the situation for normal muscle tissue. These observations show that the tachykinin system is very much involved in the processes that occur in muscle injury/myositis. The effects can be related to proinflammatory effects and/or tissue repair. The fact that there are also marked NK-1R expressions contralaterally indicate that the tachykinin system has crossover effects.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 2013, no 907821
Cell and Molecular Biology Sport and Fitness Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-68846DOI: 10.1155/2013/907821PubMedID: 24049666OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-68846DiVA: diva2:618232