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Location of Swedish wind power - Random or not?: A quantitative analysis of differences in installed wind power capacity across Swedish municipalities
Lulea University of Technology, Division of Economics and Social Sciences, Luleå, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
Lund University, Environmental Psychology, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Lund, Sweden.
Lund University, Department of Sociology, Lund, Sweden.
2013 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, Vol. 58, 135-141 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The amount of installed wind power varies significantly across municipalities although the financial support for wind power production and the technology available is identical in all Swedish municipalities. This study analyses how local differences between municipalities, such as local wind prerequisites and socioeconomic conditions, might explain the establishment of wind power. The analysis is carried out for a cross section of Swedish municipalities. The time periods before and after 2006 are analyzed separately; and results reveal that the factors affecting wind power establishments are different between the two periods. In the later time period we found a statistically significant positive relationship between good wind resources and the presence of wind power as well as with the amount of wind energy installed. This result is consistent with the idea that the first wind power investments in Sweden were highly affected by individual wind energy enthusiasts, while in the more recent large-scale investments market-based judgments about future profitability may have become increasingly important. In addition, previous experience seems to be a factor that in itself facilitates additional future wind power establishments, thereby pointing to the role of accumulated institutional capacity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 58, 135-141 p.
Keyword [en]
Wind power, installed capacity, local differences
National Category
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-69621DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.02.044ISI: 000319177800014OAI: diva2:619369
Available from: 2013-05-03 Created: 2013-05-03 Last updated: 2013-07-08Bibliographically approved

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