Physical activity, aerobic capacity, postural balance and health – a comparison between adolescents with intellectual disabilities and normally developed adolescents
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Previous studies show that persons with intellectual disability (ID) have a lower level of physical activity, lower aerobic capacity, and an impaired balance, compared to persons without ID. The main aim of the present study was to investigate associations between level of physical activity, aerobic capacity and static postural balance, in a group of adolescents with ID and normally developed peers. A secondary aim was to study if there were any differences in aerobic capacity between the groups. A third aim was to investigate how the participants rated their own health. A cross-sectional study design was implemented. In total, there were 106 high school students who joined the study, 57 of them had an ID that was mild to moderate and the control group consisted of 49 students that were normally developed. Tests were performed for level of physical activity, aerobic capacity and static postural balance. The participants also answered an adapted questionnaire about their perceived health. Analysis of associations between level of physical activity, aerobic capacity and the static balance tests were made using the Pearson’s correlation coefficient, no significant correlations could be seen. The participants in the ID group had significantly lower estimated maximum oxygen uptake (l O2/min) compared to non-ID groups (p< 0.001 for females, p=0.004 for males). Even if adolescents with ID have reduced aerobic capacity, there seem to be no strong associations with static postural balance and aerobic activity level. The answers from the health questionnaire did in many ways not correspond to the measured outcomes from the physical tests. Further it appears as if perception of health is not associated with physical status.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 18 p.
Mental retardation, physical capacity, motor activity, postural equilibrium, youth, teenagers
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-70209OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-70209DiVA: diva2:620170
Master's Programme in Physiotherapy
Rehn, BörjeBlomqvist, Sven