Allometric exponent and randomness
2013 (English)In: New Journal of Physics, ISSN 1367-2630, Vol. 15, 043001- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An allometric height-mass exponent gamma gives an approximative power-law relation < M > proportional to H-gamma between the average mass < M > and the height H for a sample of individuals. The individuals in the present study are humans but could be any biological organism. The sampling can be for a specific age of the individuals or for an age interval. The body mass index is often used for practical purposes when characterizing humans and it is based on the allometric exponent gamma = 2. It is shown here that the actual value of gamma is to a large extent determined by the degree of correlation between mass and height within the sample studied: no correlation between mass and height means gamma = 0, whereas if there was a precise relation between mass and height such that all individuals had the same shape and density then gamma = 3. The connection is demonstrated by showing that the value of gamma can be obtained directly from three numbers characterizing the spreads of the relevant random Gaussian statistical distributions: the spread of the height and mass distributions together with the spread of the mass distribution for the average height. Possible implications for allometric relations, in general, are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP), 2013. Vol. 15, 043001- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-70338DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/15/4/043001ISI: 000317035700001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-70338DiVA: diva2:621407