Burnout, coping, stress of conscience and psychosocial work environment among patrolling police officers
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Police personnel work under different circumstances in various environments and involving stressful situations which can increase the risk of burnout. Police officers are exposed to demanding situations in meeting with victims of crime and accidents. Aim of this study was to investigate the association between burnout (emotional exhaustion, EE vs. depersonalization, DP) and psychosocial work environment, troubled conscience as well as coping strategies among patrolling police officers in Sweden. Results from the study showed that stress of conscience was significantly correlated with both EE, (r = 0.57, p<0.001), and DP, ( r = 0.47, p<0.001). Most of the independent variables; psychological demand, decision latitude, social support, and coping scales were also correlated with EE and DP. In the further analysis a hierarchical multiple logistic regression was performed to investigate the predictive impact of; psychological demand, decision latitude, social support, coping strategies and stress of conscience. Findings revealed that risk of both EE and DP increased with a troubled conscience for both women and men. Results from this study indicate that stress of conscience has to be taken into consideration when studying the influence of the psychosocial work environment on burnout. Our findings can contribute to new perspectives and for further research, we suggest both longitudinal studies and qualitative research in order to develop and understand knowledge about troubled conscience associations with psychosocial work environment among patrolling police officers in Sweden.
Swedish police, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, troubled conscience, high demand, social support, coping strategies
Research subject Caring Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-71254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-71254DiVA: diva2:622932