Caricatures of clergymen in nineteenth-century Sweden
2013 (English)In: European Review of History, ISSN 1350-7486, E-ISSN 1469-8293, Vol. 20, no 3, 479-500 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article investigates caricatures of clergymen in the nineteenth-century Church of Sweden. It offers the first attempt in Sweden to study these images as an enduring historical source. As case study, six caricatures of bishops from 1790–1870 will be analysed in terms of both their motifs and their significance. The bishops have been selected as the object of study because of their visibility as ex officio members of Parliament and leaders of the clergy. It is argued that graphic satire was used as a medium to criticise the bishops’ influential position in the government and their defence of the Parliament of the Estates. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that as the techniques used to produce caricatures improved during the period, the images were more widely spread and had a greater impact on Swedish society. Finally, it is shown that caricature in Sweden reached a peak in the middle of the nineteenth century thanks to the extended debate on parliamentary reform and restrictions on press freedom.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2013. Vol. 20, no 3, 479-500 p.
caricatures, bishops, Sweden, parliamentary reform, press
Research subject History; kyrkohistoria
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-71267DOI: 10.1080/13507486.2012.745833OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-71267DiVA: diva2:623015