Genetic variation of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) in Rodopi (NE Greece)
2008 (English)In: European Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 1612-4669, E-ISSN 1612-4677, Vol. 127, no 1, 81-88 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The recent taxonomic classification of beech in Europe considers existence of one species (Fagus sylvatica L.) with two subspecies: F. sylvatica ssp. sylvatica and F. sylvatica ssp. orientalis. Four beech populations growing on the Greek part of the Rodopi Mountains were studied using morphological traits as well as DNA molecular markers (AFLPs and chloroplast DNA SSR). The aim of the study was to describe the variation patterns of beech in the Rodopi Mountains and to test the hypothesis of possible introgression between the beech subspecies' sylvatica and orientalis in this area. Both morphological traits and gene markers revealed a possible influence of F. orientalis on the east side of Rodopi and at the low elevations, while characters resembling F. sylvatica were observed mainly on the western part of the mountains and in higher altitudes. There was a clinal increase of genetic diversity from the west to the east, reaching a level firstly reported for beech populations. These results can be explained either by the existence of a main refugial area for beech during the last glaciation or by the occurrence of a recent hybridization among the subspecies, which were spatially isolated during the last glaciation and came into reproductive contact during their postglacial remigration. These two scenarios are not necessarily mutually exclusive.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2008. Vol. 127, no 1, 81-88 p.
beech, rodopi, variation, genetic, refugia, cpDNA, aFLPs, morphological
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-71357DOI: 10.1007/s10342-007-0185-3ISI: 000251609800007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-71357DiVA: diva2:623351