Effects of interference on intra-modal and cross-modal matching of form
1977 (English)Report (Other academic)
Garvill, J., and Molander, B. Effects of interference on intra-modal and cross-modal matching of form. Umeå Psychological Reports No. 124, 1977. - This experiment was designed to test two hypotheses concerning differential memory for visually and tactually acquired information in intranodal and cross-modal matching of form. The intra-modal conditions were VV (visual standard, visual comparison)and TT (tactual standard, tactual comparison). The cross-modal conditions were VT (visual standard tactual comparison) and TV (tactual standard, visual comparison). Between the standard stimulus and comparison stimulus either an unfilled interval or a visual matching task or a tactual matching task was interpolated. The first hypothesis suggests that the memory traces for tactually acquired information are less stable than those for visually acquired information and thus more sensitive to interference. According to the second hypothesis there are modality specific memory storages and the information acquired are coded and stored in the memory for the comparison modality.This hypothesis predicts interference only when the interfering task is presented in the same modality as the comparison stimulus. The results gave clear evidence of interference. However, the interference effects were the same regardless of standard modality, comparison modality or kind of interference. Thus, the results suggest a common form of storage for visual and tactual information.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1977. , 8 p.
, Umeå psychological reports, ISSN 0375-4561 ; 124
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-71453OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-71453DiVA: diva2:624093