Mental Health, Substance Use, and Criminal Justice Characteristics of Males With a History of Abuse in a Swedish National Sample
2013 (English)In: Journal of Dual Dignosis, ISSN 1550-4263 (Print), 1550-4271 (Online), Vol. 9, no 1, 47-60 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: The primary goals of this study were to (a) provide the first estimate of prevalence of self-reported history of having been emotionally, physically, and/or sexually abused for men with a substance use disorder in Sweden and (b) identify, for men with a substance use disorder, mental health, substance use, and criminal justice characteristics associated with having a history of abuse. Methods: Assessment interviews for a substance use disorder were conducted in 50 out of 300 Swedish counties for the time period 2003 to 2008. Participants were a nationally representative sample of 9,571 Swedish men interviewed in county welfare offices. The Addiction Severity Index (ASI) was used as an assessment tool in these counties. From the ASI, answers to questions asking about lifetime history of emotional, physical, and sexual abuse were analyzed to provide this initial measure on history of abuse. Bivariate statistical analysis and multivariate logistic regression methods were used to explore the relationships between substance use severity, level of mental health problems reported, criminal justice history, and history of being abused. Results: Overall, 47.9% of the men in this sample reported having experienced abuse; specifically, 26.9% of clients reported a history of physical abuse, 4.5% reported a history of sexual abuse, and 40.7% reported a history of emotional abuse. Results from logistic regression modeling identified that higher ASI mental health symptomology scores were associated with 13times higher likelihood of having experienced any abuse. Further, results from logistic regression models identified that scoring higher on the ASI mental health symptoms core was associated with an 8times higher likelihood of having experienced physical abuse,14times higher likelihood of having experienced sexual abuse, and 13times higher likelihood of having experienced emotional abuse. Conclusions: Both the high prevalence of reporting a history of abuse among men with substance use disorders and the strong association between reporting more mental health symptoms and history of abuse indicate a need for Swedish substance use disorder treatment programs to start using more comprehensive and clinically appropriate trauma assessment tools and to provide empirically supported trauma treatments.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2013. Vol. 9, no 1, 47-60 p.
self-reported mental health symptoms, men, substance abuse disorders, history as victims of abuse, Sweden, national study
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-67600DOI: 10.1080/15504263.2012.749830ISI: 000315156600007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-67600DiVA: diva2:624854