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Motivationsklimatet och hälsofaktorer: En studie på innebandyspelare i den svenska Superligan
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Det motivationsklimat som omger idrottare kan påverka såväl deras prestation som deras välbefinnande. Med utgångspunkt i självbestämmandeteorin undersöktes hur motivationsklimatet såg ut, vilka styrkor det hade och vilka eventuella hälsorisker det kunde skapa i en grupp innebandyspelare i Superligan. Enligt självbestämmandeteorin har människor tre grundläggande behov (autonomi, kompetens och samhörighet). Hur motivationsklimatet såg ut bedömdes genom en enkät som mätte graden av behovstillfredsställelse, samt det direkta nedtryckandet av dessa tre behov. I studien deltog 87 innebandyspelare fördelade på 6 lag (21 % svarsfrekvens). Ett positivt motivationsklimat korrelerade positivt med engagemang och negativt med ätstörningar, ångest, depression och utmattningssyndrom. Ett negativt motivationsklimat var i högre utsträckning förenat med ätstörningar, depression, ångest, utmattningssyndrom respektive brist på engagemang. Resultaten ligger därmed i linje med självbestämmandeteorin och visar att ett positivt motivationsklimat är gynnsamt ur många aspekter. Visserligen är gruppen förhållandevis liten; det är ändå noterbart att många spelare uppvisar tecken på psykisk ohälsa och att det framför allt är bland dem som upplever ett negativt motivationsklimat. Resultatet i denna studie ger därmed Innebandyförbundet argument för att titta närmare på denna fråga för att säkerställa ett positivt motivationsklimat ute i klubbarna. 

Abstract [en]

Perceived motivational climate may affect an athlete’s performance and well-­‐being. The existing motivational climate was therefore assessed in a sample of 87 floorball players competing in the premier league in Sweden (Superligan). They represented 6 different teams (21 % of the teams took part). Self-­‐Determination Theory (SDT) states that people have three innate needs: autonomy, competence and relatedness. A questionnaire was used to assess the motivational climate and the level of need satisfaction as well as thwarting of the same needs. A positive motivational climate correlated positively with engagement and negatively with eating disorders, anxiety, depression, and burnout. In contrast, a negative motivational climate was linked to eating disorders, depression, anxiety, and a lack of engagement. These results are in line with SDT and show why a positive motivational climate is beneficial not only for the individual athlete but also for the team. However small the group that took part is, it is nevertheless worth noting that several players showed symptoms of reduced mental health, particularly so among the players that perceived their motivational climate as more negative in nature. The Swedish Floorball Federation Now has incentive to perform further investigations into the motivational climate to ensure that a positive motivational climate exists in the clubs. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Keyword [sv]
Motivationsklimat, självbestämmandeteorin, hälsa
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-71653OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-71653DiVA: diva2:625224
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Masters Programme in Sports Psychology
Available from: 2013-11-13 Created: 2013-06-04 Last updated: 2015-04-13Bibliographically approved

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Motivationsklimatet och hälsofaktorer(677 kB)173 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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